Duration: 90 minutes
Skills tested: reading and writing
Score: the maximum score is 100
Focus: practical legal vocabulary in authentic situations; basic grammar consolidation
General English level: elementary A2 - advanced C1
Certificate: TOLES Foundation with mark explanation
TOLES Foundation is the first level of the TOLES series, which expands an awareness of the real tasks a lawyer carries out in an international legal office and focuses on real and recent legal developments and cases. Here are some following features:
Suitable for beginner Level.
Focus on practical legal vocabulary in authentic situations; consolidation of basic grammar
Encourages commercial awareness
The aim of the Foundation exam is to verify that students have obtained a firm foundation for the skills that employers demand. TOLES Foundation exam and the materials ensure that committed students will be successful and that they will not make the common mistake of attempting to solve advanced tasks before mastering basic ones.
The exam has one paper: reading and writing. The exam focus is to test precision in language demanded of lawyers in modern international law offices. This means precision in two major areas: grammar and law terminology. Vocabulary from the commercial contracts, commercial area, financial documents, intellectual property is tested, as well as law terminology from other areas.
The TOLES Foundation Exam requires little or no knowledge of American or British law. It requires international legal terminology, knowledge of useful, a strong, active use of basic grammar and a sensitivity to use of register in the following general areas:
Basic legal negotiations
Other forms of business
Bankruptcy and insolvency
Employment law and contracts
The litigation process
Essential contract law
The law of tort
An introduction to the common law
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